What are the Eurocodes?

Eurocodes - List of the standards

These are the European standards applicable to structural_calculations of buildings.
Learn more on structural calculations

List of Eurocodes standards

Eurocode 0 - Basis of structural design
Eurocode 1 - Actions on structures
Part 1-1: Densities, self-weight, imposed loads for buildings
Part 1-2: Actions on structures exposed to fire
Part 1-3: Snow loads
Part 1-4: Wind actions
Part 1-5: Thermal actions
Part 1-6: Actions during execution
Part 1-7: Accidental actions
Part 2: Traffic loads on bridges
Part 3: Actions induced by cranes and machinery
Part 4: Silos and tanks
Eurocode 2 - Concrete structures
Part 1-1: General rules and rules for buildings
Part 1-2: Structural fire design
Part 2: Concrete bridges - Design and detailing rules
Part 3: Liquid retaining and containment structures
Part 4: Design of fastenings for use in concrete
Eurocode 3 - Steel structures
Part 1-1: General rules and rules for buildings
Part 1-1 Section 6: Ultimates Limit States
Part 1-1 Section 7: Serviceability Limit States
Part 1-2: Structural fire design
Part 1-3: Supplementary rules for cold-formed members and sheeting
Part 1-4: Supplementary rules for stainless steels
Part 1-5: Plated structural elements
Part 1-6: Strength and stability of shell structures
Part 1-7: Strength and stability of planar plated structures subject to out of plane loading
Part 1-8: Design of joints
Part 1-9: Fatigue
Part 1-10: Material toughness and through-thickness properties
Part 1-11: Design of structures with tension components
Part 1-12: High strength steels
Part 2: Steel bridges
Part 3-1: Towers, masts and chimneys – Towers and masts
Part 3-2: Towers, masts and chimneys – Chimneys
Part 4-1: Silos
Part 4-2: Tanks
Part 4-3: Pipelines
Part 5: Piling
Eurocode 4 - Composite steel and concrete structures
Part 1-1: General rules and rules for buildings
Part 1-2: Structural fire design
Part 2: General rules and rules for bridges
Eurocode 5 - Timber structures
Part 1-1: Common rules and rules for buildings
Part 1-1 Section 6: Ultimates Limit States
Part 1-1 Section 7: Serviceability Limit States
Part 1-1 Section 8: Connections with metal fasteners
Part 1-2: Structural fire design
Part 2: Bridges
Eurocode 6 - Masonry structures
Part 1-1: General rules for reinforced and unreinforced masonry structures
Part 1-2: Structural fire design
Part 3: Simplified calculation methods for unreinforced masonry structures
Eurocode 7 - Geotechnical design
Part 1: General rules
Part 2: Ground investigation and testing
Eurocode 8 - Earthquake resistance
Part 1: General rules, seismic actions and rules for buildings
Part 2: Bridges
Eurocode 9 - Aluminium structures
Part 1-1: General structural rules
Part 1-2: Structural fire design
Part 1-3: Structures susceptible to fatigue
Part 1-4: Cold-formed structural sheeting
Part 1-5: Shell structures

They contribute to the development of the construction sector in Europe and some countries of Africa.

From 2010, National Standards have been withdrawn and are no longer maintained.

Eurocodes became mandatory for the specification of European public works.

In the private sector, it is also the reference standard for claims expertise by insurance companies.

There are ten codes in 60 parts (you can find the whole list a bit further below).

Each of them is accompanied by National Annexes for the 28 user countries (Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom).

Information on structural calculations

What are structural calculations ?

The structural calculations according to the eurocodes are the verifications of the resistance, equilibrium and deformation of a building by a mathematical calculation based on the basis of indications from European construction standards.

The calculations take into account the actions applied to the building (arising from occupancy, climatic, seismic, fire, ...), the characteristics of the foundation soil, the materials used to make the structure (concrete, steel, wood, aluminum, ...) and the reliability objectives to be achieved (which is not the same for a hospital as for a warehouse).

Is it essential ?

Any new building, extension or rehabilitation will require structural checks by calculation. These calculations make it possible to choose the right construction components and the appropriate size to ensure the stability, solidity and sufficient rigidity of the structure.

If the project is located at altitude, the snow load can be high. By the seaside, on a hill or in open terrain, the wind can be more powerful. In some areas, the structure of the building could also be subject to seismic effects. It is also often necessary to ensure that the structure is able to resist a fire for a sufficient time to evacuate and that the firefighters can intervene.

It is therefore important to carry out structural calculations to anticipate exceptional phenomena and prove the design of the building in the event of a disaster.

How much is it ?

It is difficult to give a generic price, the costs vary according to the size of the project and its complexity. The price is based on the time the engineer estimates or the number of elements to calculate.

In general, the cost of a structural engineer is largely paid for by the savings made by optimizing the volume of materials and the design so that it is easier to manufacture and assemble. In addition, his insurance covers damage in the event of a claim due to a design error and serenity is priceless.